How to make black dye with acorns
Hi Creative Mamas! In this article I want to share with you one of my most exciting moments in natural dyeing which is the day that I discovered how to make my own black color with natural dyes! I will share with you exactly how to make natural black dye with acorns. YES! Acorns! The humble little acorns that fall on the ground every Autumn. You can create beautiful tones of gold and ochre with acorns but you can also modify them and turn them into greys and blacks.
Acorns come from oak trees and we have lots of them here in New Zealand. When my kids were little we used to go and collect acorns at school just for fun. One day I gathered a lot of them and decided to do a little test with natural dyeing. The results were that the acorns produced a beautiful ochre goldie color when used to dye silk and wool using the Hot Dyeing Method. Unfortunately, the results were not the same when I tried using acorns in wool and silk using the Solar Dyeing Method. ( I even left the acorns in the solar dyeing jar for six months and still I got no color out of that process). However, the color that I got from the Hot Dyeing Method was so amazing that I got curious and stared playing with color modifiers.
In this tutorial I will show you how to make natural black dye with acorns using iron water as a color modifier. But first let’s get started in extracting that beautiful gold color from the acorns. For this tutorial we are going to focus on protein fibers such as silk and wool. Fiber classification and knowing exactly what fiber you are working on is critical in natural dyeing because you need natural fibers to be able to absorb the natural dyes. So, it’s very important that you do a fabric test to ensure that your wool is 100 % wool and it’s not acrylic and the same goes for fabric. So, always do a Fabric Burn Test to be sure you you have 100 % natural fibers. Natural dyeing will only work on natural fibers 🙂
For this tutorial we will cover the following processes
- Scouring Process
- Mordant Process
- Dye Extraction/Dye Bath
- Hot Dyeing Method
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- Mordant agent: Allum, (Alluminium Sulphate) since it’s the safest option for myself and for the environment
- Pots and pans (whatever you use it can never be used to cook food again!)
- Stirring wooden spoons
- Neutral PH soap
- Heat source
- Plastic jug
- Rubber gloves and face mask
- Plastic bowl and bucket
- Silk and or wool
- Iron water
Before you start make sure that you weigh your fabric. My fabric weighs 200 grs and its a mix of wool fabric and silk fabric.
Tutorial: How to make natural black dye with acorns
Step 1 & 2: Scouring Process and Mordanting Process
It’s very important to ensure all fibers are clean from oils, dirt and industrial processes and thats why we need to scour the fabric. Also we need to make sure that the fabric is pre treated through a mordanting process to open the fibers to receive the color dyes. Please refer in detail to Scouring and Mordanting Processes here.
For this tutorial I am using the following recipe: 10 % Allum WOF (weight of fabric).So I started with 200 grs of fabric and yarn so I am using 20 grs of Allum.
Step 3: Dye Bath/Dye Extraction
OK, so this is the most fun part.
- Fill a big pot with water and the acorns
- Bring to a simmer. Keep simmering for 1 hour.
- Turn the heat off and let it cool naturally. You can leave cooling overnight.
- Strain and use as dye bath.
- My rule for dyeing with acorns is 300% WOF (weight of fabric)
PRO TIP: after extracting the dye allow the dye and the acorns to cool. Leave overnight to extract as much color as possible. Strain the next day.
Step 4: Hot Dyeing Method
Transfer strained dye bath to a stainless steel pot. Fill with more clear water. Add the mordanted and pre wetted fiber to the dye bath. Make sure there is enough space in the pot so that the fabric and yarn can move freely. Slowly raise temperature to a simmer. Simmer for 1 hour. Remove from the dye bath. Rinse fiber in lukewarm water. Make sure the water runs clear of dye. Hang it to dry away from sunlight. The illustration below show you the beautiful gold color that I got from the acorn dye bath. Just beautiful!!!!!!
How to make black dye?
So let’s turn this beautiful gold silk into a dark charcoal grey or black. First you need the iron water.
Download your Free Iron Water Recipe PDF
Step 5: Modifying color using iron water
Allow the dye bath to cool to room temperature. Pour the iron water into the acorn dye bath by mixing a 1:1 ratio of the iron water and clear water. Stir. Place your gold dyed silk or wool piece inside the dye bath again. Make sure that the fabric is wet before it goes inside the dye pot. Stir to make sure that the fiber is moving freely and that the modifier is reaching all areas of the fiber. In this case the color changed almost immediately so I just kept stirring and checking the color all the time. See in the illustration below the change in color. This only took three minutes!
Keep stirring and checking the fabric. After six minutes this was the resulting change in color! Illustration below.
After ten minutes of constant checking and stirring I was happy with the color. It was a rich black color. Once you have obtained the desired tone just simple remove from the dye bath, rinse super well and wash with a PH neutral soap to remove all sediments of iron from the fabric.
This is the beautiful black that I was able to create by dyeing with acorns and modifying with iron water 🙂
How to dye your clothes black naturally?
Make sure you are dyeing a garment that is 100% silk or wool. Follow the steps outlined above but make sure that your pot is big enough and that the proportions of the weight of fabric and the weight of acorns is the same as in this tutorial. always keep it to 300%.
Here are some of the crafts that you can make with your naturally dyed fabric and yarn.
I have made these applique fabric collages using scraps of naturally dyed fabric and embroidery threads as well as left over fabric from other projects using the patterns from The Family Kit.